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Study in China
CHINESE CULTURE

 

 

Geography of China  

 

China is located in East Asia, on the western shores of the Pacific Ocean. It is the third largest country in the world, and the largest in Asia. Over 66% of China is upland. Hills, mountains and plateaus are found to the west.

 

 

Traveling in China

 

The Great Wall

The Great Wall is one of the Seven Wonders of the World, with a history of more than 2000 years. The Great Wall winds up and down across deserts, grasslands and mountains, from east to west of China.

 

               

                                                 

                                                

The Forbidden City

 

           

                                       

The Palace Museum, known as the Forbidden City in the West, was the imperial palaces of the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties. In early 15th century, large-scale construction involved 100,000 artisans and one million civilians. The construction took 14 years and was finished in 1420. In the following year, the capital of the Ming Dynasty was moved from Nanjing to Beijing. Twenty-four emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties ruled from the Forbidden City. The last dynasty fell in 1911, but Emperor Puyi (1906-1967, ruled 1909-1911) still lived in the inner court. It was not until 1925 that the complex was converted into a museum. Since then the palace has been opened to the public.

 

Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum and Terra-cotta Army

 

             

                                           

Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum is located in Lintong District, 35 kilometers east of Xi’an, capital of Shanxi Province. The mausoleum construction lasted 38 years and involved over 700,000 workers. Over the years, a total of 50,000 important cultural relics have been unearthed. In 1980, two bronze painted horse-drawn chariots were unearthed. They are the largest and most complete bronze chariots and horses discovered so far. In 1974, farmers who were digging a well about 1.5 kilometers east of Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum discovered three vaults containing Qinshihuang’s Buried Legion. The largest of the three vaults contains 6,000 life-size terra-cotta warriors and horses. The collection of warriors is often dubbed the “eighth wonder of the world”.

 

National Culture

 

Kung Fu

 

 China is one of the main birth places of Eastern martial arts. The names of martial arts were called Kung Fu or its first name Wushu. The first generation of Kung Fu started more for the purpose of survival and warfare than art. Over time, some art forms have branched off, while others have retained a distinct Chinese flavor.

 

Chinese painting and calligraphy

 

 

As the art of writing Chinese characters, Chinese calligraphy, or Shufa, is one of the highest forms of Chinese art, serving the purpose of conveying thoughts while also show casing abstract beauty of lines. Calligraphy is one of the four basic skills and disciplines of the Chinese literati, together with painting (Hua), stringed musical instruments (Qin) and board games (Qi).


A Chinese painting is the marriage of poetry, calligraphy, seal and image. National artists often indicate the theme of the painting, the artist's name and the date of the painting. Sometimes, a poem or a prose extract is written next to the painting. These verses and lines complement and enrich the meaning behind the painting. Seals are also affixed to embellish or balance the painting.

 

Tea culture 

  

Tea is China’s national drink. Now tea has become one of the fashionable drinks (tea, coffee and Coca Cola).China is the birthplace of tea, known as “the motherland of tea” In China, tea is more of an art than drink.

                                             

Beijing Opera

 

Beijing Opera is the most influential opera in China and has a history of around 200 years. It synthesizes the arts of singing, dancing, recitation and martial arts. Symbolism dominates the motions and stage designs.

 

Foods In China

 

 

Various Chinese cuisines:
To the Chinese, cooking is an art in itself. Chinese cuisine places emphasis on color, aroma and flavor. Not only must a dish taste good, it also creates the sense of beauty.

 

Dumplings

                   

                                 

Dumpling has a very long history in China, once it was invented by a famous doctor to prevent people from getting sick.  Though the present Jiaozi has changed a lot from the original one, its significance has, however, improved. Nowadays, Jiaozi is a very common food in the north part of China (as introduced just now, in Shandong Province and many other neighboring places). When the Chinese New Year comes, almost every Chinese family will eat jiaozi, because the pronunciation of jiaozi can express a very good meaning, which both means the happy get-together of family members and the connection between the New Year and the past old year.

 

Zongzi

                            

                                                                       

When Chinese People talk about Zongzi, we are always associated it with a famous ancient Chinese poet and statesman -- Quyuan, who was talented as a poet but chilled in his political career. Being framed by some flunkies who were jealous of his talent and afraid of his sense of justice, Quyuan could no longer stand all of these. He threw himself into a river and ended his life.

Hearing about that misery, many poor people, who all got protected by Quyuan once, went to the river intending to get back the body of him. They boated on the river, searching for the body again and again but failed. Then they hoped to cook some rice to send to this great man to show their respect. This is a tradition from the folk that they cook fresh food for the dead people as if they could still eat. And during such a kind of ceremony, people express their love and yearning for the dead). In case the fish ate the rice, they used some leaves to wrap the rice and threw them into the river, hoping their beloved Quyuan could receive their good wishes.

 

From then on, the Chinese people decide that day a special day called “Duanwu”Festival, which comes on May the 5th of Chinese lunar year. On that day, people will eat Zongzi and hold boating competition according to the old traditions.

 

Traditional Festivals

Traditional Chinese Festivals include the Spring Festival, the Lantern Festival, the Qingming Festival, the Mid-Autumn Festival, the Double Seventh Festival and the Double Ninth Festival.

 

The Spring Festival

 

 

The Spring Festival is the most important of the traditional Chinese holidays. It is often inaccurately called “The Lunar New Year”, because as a part of the lunisolar determined based on lunar phase. The festival traditionally begins on the first day of the first month in the Chinese calendar and ends with the Lantern Festival which is on the 15th day. The Chinese New Year’s Eve is a day where Chinese families gather for their annual reunion dinner. It literally means “Year-Pass Eve”.

 

The Mid-Autumn Festival

 

 

The Mid-Autumn Festival, also known as the Moon Festival or Zhongqiu Festival, is a popular harvest festival celebrated by the Chinese people. The Mid-Autumn Festival is held on the 15th day of the eighth month in the Chinese calendar. The traditional food of this festival is the moon cake. Traditionally, on this day, Chinese family members and friends will gather to admire the bright mid-autumn harvest moon, eat moon cakes and pomelos under the moon together.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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